Uneven Interest in STEM Subjects Across the World

Uneven Interest in STEM Subjects Across the World

STEM is a stream that integrates teaching and learning of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It usually takes a hands-on approach with real-world learning experiences. It also pays very well, which makes it very desirable. Despite the ample opportunities that are available to STEM students, there is an uneven interest in STEM across the world.

Region-Specific Interest

North and Central Africa, the Middle East, and India have the highest interest in STEM subjects. Students from Asia, South-Central Europe, and South and Central America generally have more interest in non-STEM subjects. It is in the regions of North-East and North-West Africa, the Middle East and Nepal that has 53.6% interest in STEM. North and Central Africa, a pocket in northern South America and South Asia has a 47.2% interest in preference for STEM. North America, Oceania, Western and Central Europe, and South Africa have about an equal measure of moderate interest in STEM and non-STEM disciplines. 

In Germany, 36% of students choose stem subjects in tertiary education, while only 19% of American students chose STEM subjects. 

In 2016, China had 4.7 million recent STEM graduates, India had 2.6 million new STEM graduates and the U.S. had 568,000. 

Subject-Specific Interest

Even within the ambit of STEM subjects, some subjects are preferred over others. Engineering, manufacturing, and construction are the most popular categories that are chosen in STEM in the selected countries (Italy, Australia, India, Germany, UK, USA, Spain, South Korea and France). The exception to this is the United Kingdom where Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Statistics take the lead. 

Factors Impacting STEM

It has been documented that governmental preoccupation with the level of STEM participation in Senior Secondary school and the level of achievement in STEM-related disciplines in both secondary and higher education is universal. Building high-end STEM skills that are linked to R&D and industry innovation is also given importance. Even then, the discussions are limited to curriculum, pedagogy, student motivation and teaching, and there is a lack of focus on universities as compared to schools. In China, the government exercises great interest in education to labour transition than governments in other countries. Even though the emphasis on STEM for its assumed contribution to productivity and innovation in the workplace is there, there is hardly any effort directed to establishing the extent of these expected benefits to the economy. In some countries, there are concerns about the decline in the number of students taking up STEM subjects, and also about shortages of STEM skills in the labour market. In East Asia and Singapore, there is universal recognition of the importance of education and STEM gets a superior position, especially in secondary and higher education. In China, mathematics is compulsory throughout the school. There is an emphasis on enhancing the position of universities globally, and there are comprehensive programs aimed to reform schooling systems and make them more student-centered, inquiry-based and problem-solving in approach. Despite the crippling shortage of STEM graduates globally, the number of STEM graduates is growing every year. As a matter of fact, there are enough STEM graduates to fill all positions; the problem lies with their education level and professional skills. Even where educational qualifications are apt, soft skills such as leadership and teamwork are lacking. The courses are insufficiently aligned with the industry and have led to a lack of qualified technicians. There are more students with higher degrees and complex level courses with lesser opportunities than for other mid-level STEM jobs. In India, ‘Brain Drain’ leads to a loss of talent that is important for economic, political and social progress. Countries such as South Korea, Vietnam, Israel and Singapore have managed to create a strong ecosystem to address the challenges in supply and demand in STEM. In doing so, they have achieved astonishingly rapid social and economic progress. It is the model that could be adopted by other countries in its entirety for equally encouraging results. 

Scope of STEM

  • Australia: In 2015, the Australian Government formed the National STEM School Education Strategy 2016-2026 to focus on developing mathematical, scientific and digital literacy; and promoting problem-solving, critical analysis and creative thinking skills. The STEM Partnerships Forum was established in 2017 to bring together industrial and education leaders to facilitate a strategic approach to STEM Education. 
  • United Kingdom: Among the various organizations that support STEM education, STEM learning delivers STEMCPD and a STEM ambassador program, and the British Science Association develops reports and resources for supporting STEM learning. Scotland, Wales and Ireland have their STEM education programs that address various areas of development. 
  • United States of America: The STEM Education Strategic Plan sets out a federal strategy for the next five years to ensure access to high-quality STEM education and make the United States the leader in STEM literacy, innovation and employment globally. 
  • New Zealand: The government has been promoting STEM education in schools to ease the STEM skill shortage. Efforts are underway to place high-performing STEM graduates and digitally confident teachers in the sphere of education.
  • India: India launched the ‘Skill India’ campaign in 2015 and it aims to train more than 400 million youngsters in different skills by 2022. One of these is STEM education.  

The implication of the growing focus on developing infrastructure and curriculum to support STEM literacy is that there is going to be more manpower to take the ever-increasing number of jobs in STEM. Since 1990, employment in STEM has grown by 79%. 

Factsheet

The top five countries where you should consider studying STEM are:

  • USA 
  • UK
  • Canada
  • Australia 
  • Germany

The most popular STEM courses are:

Petroleum Engineering | Computer Engineering | Mathematics | Aerospace Engineering | Nuclear Science & Engineering | Software Development | Chemical Engineering | Management Science | Biological Sciences and Microbiology

Some of the most popular universities offering STEM courses are: 

  • Concordia University, Chicago
  • Louisiana State University
  • Western Michigan University
  • California State University
  • Fresno Campus
  • Auburn University
  • University of South Florida
  • Saint Louis University
  • University of New Hampshire
  • University of South Carolina
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology
  • University of Central Florida
  • Pace University
  • George Mason University

 To know further about how STEM can be beneficial to your chosen career and the courses and universities that you should be applying to, visit: www.aplicar.io

 

Fulfil your dreams of studying in Canada and the US with Aplicar!

 

Aplicar connects students and recruitment partners to the best educational opportunities across Canada. It’s a one-stop solution to ease students’ journey towards studying in Canada.

The Aplicar Advantage 

  • Save hours of research and apply to the most suitable programs and schools in Canada
  • Apply to the school of your dreams in just 5 minutes
  • Apply to multiple schools/colleges with a single profile
  • Excellent acceptance rate
  • Streamline and simplify search, application, admission, study visa, and post landing services through our flexible service model

Aplicar’s Exclusive Partnership with Portage at CIOT College Calgary

Aplicar’s Exclusive Partnership with Portage at CIOT College Calgary

To offer the best advantage to students, Aplicar has an exclusive partnership with Portage continuing education programs @CIOT in Calgary. It gives a golden chance to students to build a future in Canada. Sign up for the course with Aplicar and have the $250 application fee waived. At the end of the program, students are awarded diplomas by Portage College and get all the benefits of studying at CIOT College, Calgary. Students will also be eligible for work experience after their education through PGWP (Post Graduate Work Permit).  

Advantages

Portage College is a leading Public – Post-Secondary College in Alberta. It has been at the forefront of high-quality education in the region for over 50 years. Portage has 7 campuses across Northeast Alberta and this partnership with CIOT College has opened up the opportunity of getting an excellent education in the metro-Calgary area. Here are some of the benefits of undertaking a course through this partnership

  • Get a feel of studying, living and working in a cosmopolitan, international environment.
  • Portage College awards all the documents, transcripts and final diplomas.
  • Registration for students will be under a Portage DL Number.
  • Students get to access Portage College programs in Downtown Calgary.
  • A diverse study and living environment eases the transition for students.
  • You do not need Maths as a subject to apply.
  • The tuition fee is affordable, around $15,000 per year.

Admission Requirements

A student needs a minimum of 70% in Grade 12 or post-secondary, with a minimum of 50% in each subject. The IELTS requirement is 6.0 overall with one band 5.5. For TOEFL, the minimum required score is 80 and for PTE it is 58.

Alternatively, a minimum of 60% in Grade 12 or Post-Secondary and a minimum of 50% in each subject. With this score, they need an IELTS 6.5 overall with one band 5.5 or 6 in each module. The TOEFL score should be 85 and PTE is 63. 

CIOT Programs

Business Accounting Diploma

Duration: 2 years (4 semesters)

This course opens up several employment opportunities for financial security and working in diverse companies.

Business Management Diploma

Duration: 2 years (4 semesters)

This course focuses on the practical application of core business theories, preparing students with tools to manage people, finances, production and promotion.

Teacher’s Assistant

Duration: 2 years (4 semesters)

This course prepares students to work in formal school settings in assisting Teachers. It readies them with knowledge and skills in child growth and development, learning strategies for diverse learners, interpersonal ties and team spirit. 

Business General

Duration: 1 year (2 Semesters)

This course enables students to seek employment in Accounts Receivable/Payable, Auditing, Bookkeeping, Cost Accounting, Financial Services, Government Service, Payroll, Public Accounting and Taxation Services.

Administrative Professional

Duration:

1 year (2 Semesters)

This is a 35-week program that prepares students for immediate employment in a dynamic work environment. It offers them the skills required for administrative support positions.

With such bright career prospects at hand, the partnership between Aplicar and Portage at CIOT College, Calgary could be a great advantage for international students.

Fulfil your dreams of studying in Canada and the US with Aplicar!

 

Aplicar connects students and recruitment partners to the best educational opportunities across Canada. It’s a one-stop solution to ease students’ journey towards studying in Canada.

The Aplicar Advantage 

  • Save hours of research and apply to the most suitable programs and schools in Canada
  • Apply to the school of your dreams in just 5 minutes
  • Apply to multiple schools/colleges with a single profile
  • Excellent acceptance rate
  • Streamline and simplify search, application, admission, study visa, and post landing services through our flexible service model

In-Demand Jobs in Canada

In-Demand Jobs in Canada

Canada has undoubtedly become one of the favorite study abroad destinations in the recent past. It continues to draw the attention of students from across the globe owing to the world-class education, high standard of living, multicultural diversity, uncompromised safety, stunning geographical locations and above all, employment opportunities that are second to none!

As per Statistics Canada, the number of available job openings throughout Canada reached a record high of 912,600 in the third quarter of 2021. The best part is the warm work culture that welcomes both, local and international graduates alike. Moreover, Canada allows working while studying with roles ranging from blue-collar to white-collar.

Listed below are some of the most popular, secure, and well paying jobs in Canada.

Registered Nurse

The need for registered nurses has grown considerably over the past ten years as a result of Canada’s aging population. Since seniors often have higher health care needs, nursing therefore, has emerged as the most critical role in the medical industry.

In accordance with the Federal Skilled Worker Immigration Program, skilled nurses are eligible for full Permanent Residency based on both Federal and Provincial Nomination.

Estimated salary: Around $95,500 CAD per year

Driver

In Canada, demand for all types of drivers is rising as the economy has soared since the pandemic, including delivery drivers, truck drivers, forklift operators, and long-haul operators. The required certification is a commercial vehicle driver’s license.

Estimated salary: Around $40,000 CAD per year

 

Web Developer

Web developer refers to a programmer who specializes in developing World Wide Web applications on the client-server platform. With the ever-changing digital landscape, firms today seek out web developers to build user-friendly websites. The good news is the process of obtaining a work permit for a web developer in Canada is much easier than it is in other parts of the world.
Estimated salary: Around $69,305 CAD per year

Accountant

As businesses grew in the aftermath of the pandemic, managing finances became an increasingly critical aspect of sustaining profitability. This is where an accountant’s role comes into play in keeping financial records and managing expenditures and budgets. To operate as an accountant in Canada, a CPA (Chartered Professional Accountant) certification is required.

Estimated salary: Around $59,100 CAD per year

HR Manager

Human resource managers are responsible for recruiting the right talent of the right caliber as per the employer’s needs. At present, HR managers are in demand across Canada.

Estimated salary: Around $89,003 CAD per year

Pharmacist

Pharmacists are drug specialists who play an important role in patients’ well-being. It is a field with enormous growth potential in Canada over the next few years. To become a certified pharmacist in Canada, you must have a degree in pharmacy, pass the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC) test, and register in your province.

Estimated salary: Around $94,117 CAD per year

Engineer

Engineers in Canada have a promising future. Be it electrical, aerospace or IT, there are several employment opportunities available. Having strong analytical and management abilities can even pave the way for corporate success.

Estimated salary: Around $100,000 CAD per year

Marketing Head

This is a highly sought-after position in almost every Canadian province. The role entails planning, organizing, and strategically evaluating approaches for selling a product through B2B or B2C channels.

Estimated salary: Around $73,959 CAD per year

Finding a job in Canada is not a difficult endeavor. When you graduate from a top institute, you have access to a wide range of job options, regardless of the course you have pursued.

Fulfil your dreams of studying in Canada and the US with Aplicar!

 

Aplicar connects students and recruitment partners to the best educational opportunities across Canada. It’s a one-stop solution to ease students’ journey towards studying in Canada.

The Aplicar Advantage 

  • Save hours of research and apply to the most suitable programs and schools in Canada
  • Apply to the school of your dreams in just 5 minutes
  • Apply to multiple schools/colleges with a single profile
  • Excellent acceptance rate
  • Streamline and simplify search, application, admission, study visa, and post landing services through our flexible service model